Contractions in English, what are they? Are they used widely in both spoken and written English? How and when to use them in the sentence? Keep reading on to find the answer to all of these questions yourself.
Have you ever noticed the fact that people oftenhave the words like how’ve, how’re, how’d or something like these? What do they mean? How should we use them when making a sentence? And are these words are all acceptable in the English language?
Well, right now we would like to let you know that all of the words like how’ve, how’re, there’s, there’re, and so on, are called the contractions in English. There’s nothing wrong if you use them in the right way. In fact, the native speakersuse contractionsvery commonly in every speech and informal writings.
What more about contractions do you want to know? Let’s be here with us until the end of in this writing, we will together learn everything about the contractions in English, from the common ones to use, their meaning and usage. But now, we should figure out what contraction really is before going into any further details. Are you ready? Let’s do it right now!
What is a contraction?
A contraction is a word or a phrase that is shortened by dropping one or more letters. In written English, an apostrophe (‘) takes the place of the missing letter(s.)
I’m = I am-> I’m a teacher. = I am a teacher.
Hasn’t = has not ->He hasn’t been here. = He has not been here.
Like we mentioned before, native speakers usually use contractions in spoken English. Contracted words are also often used in informal pieces of writing like text messages, memos, or blogs. However, contractions are usually considered inappropriate in formal writings such as business letters, academic reports, essays, etc.
So, always keep in your mind that if you have to write formal forms of writing, do not use contractions. Using contracted forms may make your formal writings look unprofessional.
How’ve and How’re meaning
How’ve and how’re are common contractions in everyday language. When “how’ve” stands for “how have,”“how’re” is the contracted form of “how are.” Now, let’s take alook at the short conversation below between Tim and Dave to see how these 2 contractions are used.
Dave: Hey, Tim. How’re you doing? (= How are you doing?)
Tim: Hi, Dave. Long time no see. I’m very fine.
Well, how’ve you been? (= How have you been?)
Dave: Thanks Tim. Everything have been well with me.
List of common contractions in the English Language
Along with I’m, hasn’t, how’re, and how’ve, there are so many other common contractions people often use in English. Here’s the table of common contractions in the English Language that you should know.
|Types of contractions||Contractions (Contracted forms)||Full forms||Examples|
|Contractions with I||I’m, I’ve, I’ll||I am, I have, I will||I’m here.|
|I’d||I would OR I had||I’d (I had)finished the dinner before he came. I’d (I would) like to go again.|
|Contractions with YOU, WE, THEY||You’re, We’re, They’re||You/we/they are||You’re my best friend.|
|You’ve, We’ve, They’ve||You/we/they have||We’ve thought about your request.|
|You’ll, We’ll, They’ll||You/we/they will||They’ll visit us next month.|
|You’d, We’d, They’d||You/we/they would OR You/we/they had||She’d (she would) rather go shopping. He’d (had) gone to bed before I called.|
|Contractions with HE, SHE, IT||He’s, She’s, It’s||He/she/it is OR He/she/it has||He’s good at playing football. He’s learned French for 2 years.|
|He’ll, She’ll, It’ll||He/she/it will||She’ll (= she will) be working late today.|
|He’d, She’d, It’d||He/she/it would OR He/she/ it had||He’d (had) better do the homework. She’d (would) have really liked it.|
|Contractions with THERE, THAT||There’s That’s||There is, There has That is, That has||There’s (there is) a cake on the table. That’s the reason why he leaves.|
|There’ll, That’ll||There will, That will||There’ll be a music festival soon.|
|There’d, That’d||There would, That would OR There had, That had||There’d (there would) been more people here if our party had been on Saturday. That’d (that would) be great. That’d (that had) been why.|
|There’re||There are||There’re 4 people in the room.|
|Negative Contractions (-n’t ending)||aren't, isn’t, don’t, didn’t, doesn’t, can't, hasn't, haven’t, mustn't, won't, shouldn’t, wasn’t, etc||are not; is not; do not; did not; does not; cannot; has not; have not; must not; will not; should not; was not;etc||We aren’t invited to the party. He doesn’t like this cake. We won’t make this happen. You shouldn’t eat too much sugar. He didn’t remember me. ……|
Now, we finally get to the end of this writing. After all, do you completely understand what a contraction is, how and when to use contracted forms in English? That’s all really simple and easy to remember to you, right?
For some last words, we hope that this post did provide you with helpful and practical knowledge of English. Well, there’re still many other great writings about English grammar and word meaning waiting for you to explore on our site at wordtaking.com. So, feel free to browse around the site to get to the topics that you concern. Thanks you for reading this post!
Minor keywords: How’ve you been, How’re, how’re you doing, How’re meaning