What do you think the comparative form of adjective Busy is? Is it Busier or More busy? Do you pick your choice? Let’s check out our today’s writing to see if your choice is correct or incorrect!
When browsing around the webs, watching TV, or chatting with friends, have you ever noticed the fact that people use both busier and more busy as the comparative form of the adjective busy? We bet that you have. So the question here is that “Which is the right comparative form of the word “busy” between Busier and More busy?
”In fact, that is a quite common question that many English language learners wonder about. And in this article, we will together find out the grammatically correct comparative and superlative forms of the word “busy”.
But before that, we are going to explain to you the meaning of this word and, more importantly, the basic rules of forming comparative and superlative adjectives in English. Let’s do it right now.Are you ready? Here we go.
What does busy mean?
Busy is not only an adjective, it’s also a verb. As an adjective, “busy” means having a lot of things to do. As a verb, this word has similar meaning to the verb occupy. Let’s take a look at the examples below here to see how the word busy is used in the sentences.
She was too busy to talk to me. -- Adjective
He busied herself with his new apartment. -- Verb
You are clear about the meaning and usage of the word “busy”, aren’t you? Let’s move on to get some basic rules of how to form comparative and superlative adjectives in English so that you yourself will determine whether “busier” or “more busy” is the correct comparative form of “busy”.
Rules of forming regular comparative and superlative adjectives
Forming comparatives and superlativesis quite simple and easy. The form really depends on the number of syllables (1, 2, 3 or more syllables) in the original adjective.
• One syllable adjectives
- To form the comparative and superlative of one-syllable adjectives, you just need to add -er ending for the comparative form and -est ending for the superlative form.
Tall →taller / tallest
Small → smaller / smallest
- If the adjective has aconsonant-vowel-consonant spelling, the final consonant must be doubled before adding -er or -est ending to make superlative and comparative forms.
Big → bigger / biggest;
Thin → thinner / thinnest,
Hot → hotter / hottest
- For adjectives ending with ‘y’, changethe ‘y’ to ‘i’first before adding -er or -est, like dry → drier / driest.
- For adjective ending with ‘e’, we don't need to add another 'e', just 'r' or ‘st’, such as large → larger/ largest.
• Two-syllable adjectives
- With most two-syllable adjectives, we form the comparative and superlative by preceding the adjectives with more and most.
Careful → more careful / most careful
Thoughtful →more thoughtful / most thoughtful
Peaceful →more peaceful / most peaceful
- However, for two-syllable adjectives ending with ‘y’, change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ then add -er ending to form the comparative and -est to form the superlative.
Happy → happier / happiest
Pretty → prettier - prettiest
Ugly → uglier – ugliest
- Also, adjectives with 2 syllables that end in -le, -er, or -ow also take -er and –est endings to form the comparative and superlative.
Simple (end in -le) → simpler / simplest
Clever (end in -er) →cleverer / cleverest
Narrow (end in -ow) →narrower / narrowest
• Three syllable adjectives
Adjectives with more than two syllables (three or more syllables) can only form their comparative by adding more and their superlative by adding most in front of the adjective.
Expensive → more expensive / most expensive
Intelligent →more intelligent / most intelligent
Beautiful →more beautiful / most beautiful
Busier vs more busy – Which one is the comparative form of busy?
Right above here, we reminded you of some very important and basic rules of formingthe comparative and superlative of regular adjectives in English. If we apply these rules to the case of “busy”, will we have“busier” or “more busy” as the comparative form of this word?
Right from the first look, we know that “busy” is a two-syllable adjective and it ends with ‘y’. Look back the rules above, in order to form the comparative, we have to change the ‘y’ to ‘i’ and add –er, right? So, busier is, of course, the right comparative form of “busy”. It’s absolutely similar to the way we make the comparative form of“happy”, “pretty”, or “ugly”.
She got busier and busier with her business. -- Correct
She got more and more busy with her business. -- Not correct
Through this post, we together checked out important rules of forming the comparative and superlative forms of adjectives in English. Thanks to these rules, we now very surely know that the right comparative form of “busy” is “busier”, not more busy, right?
After this article, we hope that from now on, you will always perfectly make the comparative and superlative forms of all adjectives in English, no matter whetherthey are long or short adjectives. In the end, we really wish that this article is helpful and interesting to you!
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