How’ve – How’re And Other Common Contractions In English

Contractions in English, what are they? Are they used widely in both spoken and written English? How and when to use them in the sentence? Keep reading on to find the answer to all of these questions yourself.


Have you ever noticed the fact that people oftenhave the words like how’ve, how’re, how’d or something like these? What do they mean? How should we use them when making a sentence? And are these words are all acceptable in the English language?

Well, right now we would like to let you know that all of the words like how’ve, how’re, there’s, there’re, and so on, are called the contractions in English. There’s nothing wrong if you use them in the right way. In fact, the native speakersuse contractionsvery commonly in every speech and informal writings.

What more about contractions do you want to know? Let’s be here with us until the end of in this writing, we will together learn everything about the contractions in English, from the common ones to use, their meaning and usage. But now, we should figure out what contraction really is before going into any further details. Are you ready? Let’s do it right now!

What is a contraction?

A contraction is a word or a phrase that is shortened by dropping one or more letters. In written English, an apostrophe (‘) takes the place of the missing letter(s.)

For example:

I’m = I am-> I’m a teacher. = I am a teacher.

Hasn’t = has not ->He hasn’t been here. = He has not been here.

Like we mentioned before, native speakers usually use contractions in spoken English. Contracted words are also often used in informal pieces of writing like text messages, memos, or blogs. However, contractions are usually considered inappropriate in formal writings such as business letters, academic reports, essays, etc.

So, always keep in your mind that if you have to write formal forms of writing, do not use contractions. Using contracted forms may make your formal writings look unprofessional.

How’ve and How’re meaning

How’ve and how’re are common contractions in everyday language. When “how’ve” stands for “how have,”“how’re” is the contracted form of “how are.” Now, let’s take alook at the short conversation below between Tim and Dave to see how these 2 contractions are used.

Dave: Hey, Tim. How’re you doing? (= How are you doing?)

Tim: Hi, Dave. Long time no see. I’m very fine.

Well, how’ve you been? (= How have you been?)

Dave: Thanks Tim. Everything have been well with me.

List of common contractions in the English Language

Along with I’m, hasn’t, how’re, and how’ve, there are so many other common contractions people often use in English. Here’s the table of common contractions in the English Language that you should know.

Types of contractions Contractions (Contracted forms) Full forms Examples
Contractions with I I’m, I’ve, I’ll I am, I have, I will I’m here.
I’d I would OR I had I’d (I had)finished the dinner before he came. I’d (I would) like to go again.
Contractions with YOU, WE, THEY You’re, We’re, They’re You/we/they are You’re my best friend.
You’ve, We’ve, They’ve You/we/they have We’ve thought about your request.
You’ll, We’ll, They’ll You/we/they will They’ll visit us next month.
You’d, We’d, They’d You/we/they would OR You/we/they had She’d (she would) rather go shopping. He’d (had) gone to bed before I called.
Contractions with HE, SHE, IT He’s, She’s, It’s He/she/it is OR He/she/it has He’s good at playing football. He’s learned French for 2 years.
He’ll, She’ll, It’ll He/she/it will She’ll (= she will) be working late today.
He’d, She’d, It’d He/she/it would OR He/she/ it had He’d (had) better do the homework. She’d (would) have really liked it.
Contractions with THERE, THAT There’s That’s There is, There has That is, That has There’s (there is) a cake on the table. That’s the reason why he leaves.
There’ll, That’ll There will, That will There’ll be a music festival soon.
There’d, That’d There would, That would OR There had, That had There’d (there would) been more people here if our party had been on Saturday. That’d (that would) be great. That’d (that had) been why.
There’re There are There’re 4 people in the room.
Negative Contractions (-n’t ending) aren't, isn’t, don’t, didn’t, doesn’t, can't, hasn't, haven’t, mustn't, won't, shouldn’t, wasn’t, etc are not; is not; do not; did not; does not; cannot; has not; have not; must not; will not; should not; was not;etc We aren’t invited to the party. He doesn’t like this cake. We won’t make this happen. You shouldn’t eat too much sugar. He didn’t remember me. ……

Wrap up

Now, we finally get to the end of this writing. After all, do you completely understand what a contraction is, how and when to use contracted forms in English? That’s all really simple and easy to remember to you, right?

For some last words, we hope that this post did provide you with helpful and practical knowledge of English. Well, there’re still many other great writings about English grammar and word meaning waiting for you to explore on our site at So, feel free to browse around the site to get to the topics that you concern. Thanks you for reading this post!

Minor keywords: How’ve you been, How’re, how’re you doing, How’re meaning

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